TMJ means Temporomandibular Joint, which is the joint where your lower jaw connects to your facial bones just in front of the ear. Disorders of this joint can lead to symptoms such as joint clicking/cracking, popping in the ear, ear pain, facial pain, numbness and tingling in the face or tongue, excess salivation, sinus congestion, headaches, neck dysfunction, and dizziness to name a few. Clients can also complain of difficulty chewing, reduced mouth opening, mal-tracking jaw, teeth that do not touch uniformly when biting down, grinding the teeth, and clenching.
TMJ disorders can be related to injury/trauma, stress/anxiety, dental work, and neck dysfunction.
Physiotherapy treatment for TMJ Disorders includes postural examination and correction, and may include a combination of manual therapy to the chewing/biting muscles and those in the neck and covering the head, mobilization of the facial bones, jaw and neck, acupuncture as tolerated, electrical stimulation, and therapeutic exercises.
Often success for this type of disorder can be improved by an interdisciplinary approach between physiotherapy, dentistry, and chiropractic care.